The Eagle Cap Wilderness is Oregon's largest Wilderness. It encompasses the heart of the Wallowa Mountains, homeland to the Nez Perce Indians.


There are 47 designated wilderness areas in Oregon encompassing 2.47 million acres. Eighty inholdings totaling 9,000 acres remain. The Trust began working in Oregon in 1994. We’re focused on Steens Mountain’s Wild and Scenic River corridors, the remote mountain wilderness of Eagle Cap, the Oregon Badlands and Kalmiopsis Wilderness Areas, where development potential and important ecological values collide.

Eagle Cap Wilderness

Wallowa County (USDA Forest Service)


The 350,000-acre Eagle Cap Wilderness is one of Oregon's premier backpacking areas with more than 500 miles of trails. Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep and mountain goats live amidst high peaks of the Wallowa Mountains. Among the fifty alpine lakes is Legore Lake, at 8,880 feet, the highest lake in the state. Soaring peaks, meadows, bare granite peaks, Wild and Scenic Rivers and glacier-carved valleys make this a popular destination for hiking and horseback riding. Trailheads are located on all sides of the wilderness, with access from the counties of Wallowa, Union and Baker.

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Hells Canyon Wilderness

Wallowa County (USDA Forest Service)

138 acres purchased

146.3 acres transfered

Steens Mountains Wilderness

Harney County (Bureau of Land Management)


The 170,000-acre Steens Mountain Wilderness was designated in 2000, it is some of the wildest and most remote land left in Oregon. Elevations ranging from 4,000-foot desert to 9,700-foot peaks provide a rich diversity of habitats. During the Ice Age, glaciers carved deep gorges into the peak of Steens Mountain, creating depressions where Lily, Fish and Wildhorse lakes now stand.

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 Red tail hawk, Oregon





"We simply need that wild country available to us, even if we never do more than drive to its edge and look in. For it can be…a part of the geography of hope."
--Wallace Stegner